TMJ Disorders in Chicago, IL
Temporomandibular Joint disorders (TMJ disorders) can occur for a variety of reasons. One of the most common causes is the chewing muscles of the face exerting excessive force. The primary chewing muscle is the masseter muscle which is located along the bottom portion of the jaw. In some patients, the temporalis muscle, located in and around the temple, can also contribute. Reducing the force these muscles exert by the use of Botox can help relieve discomfort.
Botulinum toxin and tempormandibular disorders
TMJ disorders a group of disorders which deal with the mandible (jaw) and also its connection to the skull, the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Many functions occur as a result of this joint including speech, chewing, and breathing.
When overused, the TMJ can result in symptoms of pain, chronic headaches, difficulty speaking and eating, ear pain (otalgia), a clicking sound every time you open your mouth, and general pain.
More than 30% of the population suffer from A Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD), with approximately 20% of the population seeking professional care for their symptoms. (DeKanter RJ,Truin GJ, et al. Prevalance in the Dutch adult population and a meta-analysis of signs and symptoms of tempormandibular disorders. J Dent Res 1993;72:1509-18.)
TMJ disorders can be from either muscle causes or dysfunction within the joint itself. The disorders which are best diagnosed and treated include:
- Teeth grinding and jaw clenching
- Oromandibular dystonias
- Myofacial pain with possible TMJ involvment
- Muscle enlargement (musclar hypertrophy)
- Headache related to TMJ
It was reported that Filipina signer Charice, who recently scored a role on the hit show Glee, had received a Botox treatment for TMJ and reportedly to reshape her face. In patients of Asian descent, there is the likelihood of Masseter Hypertrophy, which can make the face overly square and masculine.
In addition, a large Masseter muscle can lead to problems such as TMJ and teeth grinding. Teeth grinding occurs during sleep and causes the enamel of the teeth to breakdown. Bad stress management may be a factor and leads to a host of dental problems and other issues, as well as being very painful.
The traditional way to treat teeth grinding has been the use of a mouth guard- a piece of plastic one wears at night to protect the teeth.
Anyone who has used a mouth guard will know that there are some not so pleasant aspects to this treatment: mouth guards begin to smell, are uncomfortable, expensive, and the wearer often grinds right through them.
The use of Botox as a treatment option, however, can be very successful. Dr. Shah injects the Botox into the Masseter muscle, which causes it to relax and diminish in appearance. The patient will continue to have full use of their muscles during their waking hours, but they will feel the relief from teeth grinding during the night within the week after the TMJ treatment.
Bruxism (teeth grinding)
Stress, emotional extremes and fatigue can exacerbate it. Traditional treatment of this has included oromandiblar appliances and mouth guards. However, these dental appliances can become burdensome to the patient and not all are effective.
Botox is typically applied to the jaw closing group to relieve pressure on the joint. A simple classification of muscles of the jaw is listed below:
- Jaw closing group- masseter temporalis medial ptyergoid
- Jaw opening group- laterl ptyergoid suprahyoid
Typically, there is no recovery time for this procedure.
Frequently Asked Questions
Sometimes the underlying culprit is not as obvious. Classically, a prominent muscle along the jaw and/or temple area signifies a larger than ideal muscle putting pressure on the TMJ. If your joint hurts after chewing it typically signifies a cause and effect, but this is not necessary in all cases. Finally, worn down teeth can signify teeth grinding which is caused by jaw muscle hyperactivity, for this, dental implants can sometimes help resolve the TMJ-related pain.
The masseter muscle is often responsible for hyperactivity and pressure along the TMJ. In Caucasian patients, the temporalis muscle can play a larger role as well.
Bite guards are a bad idea for several reasons. First of all, bite guards place the jaw in a nonanatomic position which slightly opens the TMJ joint but not relieving pressure. Second of all, bite guards tend to smell bad (despite copious brushing of guard and antibiotic rinses) due the bacteria of the mouth. Bite guards are also expensive often costing more than Botox jaw treatments. In addition, bite guards do not fix the problem which is a hyperactive muscle, but only attempt to protect your teeth from further damage. Botox will decrease the muscle strength and bite force and often prevent you to clench or grind your teeth, hence why we think Botox is a better solution. Finally, it is one more inconvenient, as well as socially awkward step to have to place a bite guard in your mouth rather than simply have the muscle weakened.
Repeating injections can help prevent permanent damage to the TMJ. They can also help decrease pain. If the joint has eroded too far, then Botox may not be able to preserve an already damaged joint.
The temporomandibular joint is a highly complex joint composed of articular disc. The disc of the TMJ is surrounded by a special fluid called synovial fluid. This provides the articular disc with a milieu to keep it intact. Once the articular disc erodes, little can be done to protect the interaction between the temporomandibular joint and the skull. There are 3 ligaments associated with the joint called the temporomandibular ligament, the stylomandibular ligament and the sphenomandibular ligament. These ligaments serve to keep the joint in place.
Not typically due to type the temporomandibular joint being a bicondylar joint which slides back and forth. Surgery can damage the articular disc. Botox is less risky than oral surgery and can help preserve the disc.
Patients should avoid gum chewing and try a soft diet. In addition, if there is pain, the use of NSAIDS if not contraindicated can help decrease inflammation to the jaw joint.
If you’re a clincher, especially male weight lifters, then the muscle can be hypertrophied and place pressure on the delicate TMJ.
Typically it gets better with age if you treat it early and before the joint wears down.
Patient can file their insurance but typically does not cover it
The biggest risks are putting Botox in the wrong spot. If the injector incorrectly places it, then it will freeze the facial muscles and not the masseter muscle. This will cause a temporary paralysis that can last up to 6 months. In addition, if the Botox is not placed in the right portion of the masseter muscle, the treatment will be ineffective.
Facial anatomy is different than dental anatomy.
If Botox is placed in wrong area, they will have 6 months of face dysfunction.
Typically Botox for TMJ costs less or about the same as a custom dental mouthguard.
Any substance in high dose is poison which includes Botox. It does have a high track record of safety and has been proven to be both safe and effective.
In our experience it does not- need to relieve pressure along joint. Muscle exercises or stretching does not seem to help improve the joint.
Relieves pressure on joints by decreasing the force that muscles exert on the joint. The cause of many types of tmj problems for most patients is muscular hypertrophy. Eliminating pressure on the joint will relieve pain and possibly preserve the joint.
If you live near Chicago, IL, Anil Shah Facial Plastic Surgery offers TMJ among its services and is also conveniently located at 200 West Superior St., Suite 200 Chicago, IL 60654
Why Choose Dr. Anil Shah
- Dr. Anil Shah, MD, FACS is considered one of the best plastic surgeons in Chicago specializing in rhinoplasty (Nose Job Surgery) facelift and eyelift.
- He has published over 50 scientific articles within the field of plastic surgery. Dr. Shah has written three landmark articles about facial anatomy revolutionizing the way plastic surgery is performed.
- He works with a large range of patients whose livelihood depends on their face including models, actresses, and the social elite.
- Surgical Internship at University of Illinois at Chicago
- Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Residency at Cook County Hospital (Stroger), Children’s Memorial Hospital (Northwestern), Lutheran General Hospital, St. Joseph’s Hospital, Michael Reese Medical Center.
- Board Certified by the American Board of Facial Plastic Surgery and the American Board of Otolaryngolgy-Head and Neck Surgery.