Acne is typically a localized skin infection of the face. The infection can lead to redness, inflammation and sometimes scarring.
Acne is thought to occur because the oil in the skin, called sebum
The bacteria of acne needs the "food" from the sebum of the skin. Increased sebum occurs from a variety of factors, including adolescent hormonal changes, diet, genetic factors and many other sources. One way of treating acne is to dry out the oil glands of the skin and, hence, cut off the food supply to the bacteria. Methods for doing so include the use of Retinoids and Retinols, some LASER procedures, chemical peels, Accutane and the use of Botulinum Toxin in the skin.
Treating the infective component of acne often involves killing the bacteria. The use of topical antibiotic agents, as well as oral ones, can be effective in treatment. Blue light therapy can specifically target acne in the skin. Some chemical peels also work at changing the landscape of the skin and target acne, as well.
The cycle of acne often persists when oil is released and bacteria reemerges, creating a potentially frustrating cycle of infection. Often, the key step in treating acne is to treat both the bacteria and the oil supply.
Both whiteheads and blackheads, scientifically called comedones, are caused by blocked pores as a result of sebaceous build up.
When the whitehead remains trapped under the surface of the skin, it remains white, which is also known as closed comedone.
Blackheads reach the surface of the skin and are sometimes called open comedones. The air causes the blackheads to turn dark and oxidize. It is important to note that blackheads are not dirt and that treatment often involves treating the sebum as well as working with pores of the face.
Snail serum has been on the marked for the last few years. This includes release of some products including Tensage. The slime has more recently been found in cosmetic products in Asia and Europe. The snail slime secretes proteins like collagen, glycolic acid and hyaluronic acid which can help rejuvenate the face. In some spas, snails are actually placed on clients faces to directly apply these helpful proteins. It would take some compelling data for most patients to allow snails to crawl on their faces.
Recently a study in Stem Cell Reports described a process to make skin cells called keratinocytes.
The ability to make skin cells in a laboratory makes the need for animal testing less likely in the future.
Some skin cell drugs and cosmetics test on animals prior to testing on humans. This development has obvious potential benefits including saving animal lives and cost-effective models to help determine the safety and efficacy of skin therapies.
Recently a study in Stem Cell Reports has described a process to make skin cells called keratinocytes. The ablity to make skin cells in a laboratory makes the need for animal testing less likely in the future. Some skin cell drugs and cosmetics test on animals prior to testing on humans. This has obvious potential benefits including saving animal lives and cost effective models to help determine safety and efficacy of skin therapies.